FARC-EP News from Habana Cuba 26.10.2014 [En]

Presentation of the new members Peace Delegation 
REPORT FROM HAVANA
This morning, comandante Iván Márquez presented 18 new members of the Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP in Havana, Cuba. The new members are:
Block Comandante Jorge Briceño 
Carlos Antonio Lozada (Secretariat)
Isabela Sanroque
Milena Reyes
Edilson Romaña
Block Iván Ríos 
Pastor Alape (Secretariat)
Isaías Trujillo (Central High Command)
Rubín Morro (Central High Command)
Erika Montero
Marllely Ortiz
Pablo Atrato
Samy Flores
Leonidas Morales
Edward Velásquez
Gabriel Hernández
Block Alfonso Cano 
Francisco González (Central High Command)
Mireya Andrade
Matías Aldecoa
Walter Mendoza (Central High Command)
Afterwards, Comandante Pastor Alape read a communique called “FARC-EP introduce Technical sub-Commission” which can be read HERE.
Comandante Pastor Alape introduces Guerrilla Normalization Command 
Havana, Cuba, site of the peace talks, October 24, 2014 
On behalf of the FARC-EP, we send a cordial greeting to all Colombians, full of fervor and hoping for our reconciliation, together with the collective desire for peace to come to our country forever.
We have not agreed yet with the government the specific mandate for the technical sub-commission, we have only a general allusion that the commissioners will explore similarities and possible disagreements on specific issues like ceasefire and surrender of the weapons. The statement of principles of June 7, 2014, also reads:
“We agreed to create a technical subcommittee, composed of members of the two delegations, in order to initiate discussions on item 3 END OF CONFLICT, part of the Agenda of the General Agreement”.
On August 5, the parties agreed that on the 22nd of that same month we would install the technical sub-commission to initially treat the sub points of cease of fire and hostilities, bilateral and definitive, and surrender of weapons, among others, which will start its work reviewing and analyzing the best national and international experiences in this area. This sub-commission will consist of up to 10 members of each delegation, who will establish a work schedule. In the next meeting, the delegations would specify the objective and rules of operation of that instance.
«The announcement of the formation of the so-called “Strategic Transition Command” to which they assigned tasks that don’t have anything to do with the agreement, generated confusion and biased information that disfigured the purposes of the technical sub-commission» 
Meanwhile, the government appointed for this mission a select group of officers led by General Javier Alberto Flórez, who moved to Havana for the installation of the technical sub-commission, specifying a preliminary exchange of ideas that would allow to open the way to the joint work we would start once the FARC comandantes that would be in charge of discussing this issue would have arrived in Havana.
In these days, the national government publicly announced its unilateral decision to create the so-called “Transition Command”, also led by General Flórez, which, outside the spirit of the General Agreement of Havana and of the partial agreements, had to start studying the “demobilization and surrender of weapons of the guerrillas”. This, and the need to not undermine the balance that must exist at the Table regarding the fact of guerrilla and government being equal parts, forced the FARC to proceed to form a Guerrilla Normalization Command, not a transition command, with the mission to study the return of the military force to its constitutional role of defending the borders and no irregular use for domestic public policy issues. Likewise, the police forces should demilitarize, abolishing their current counterinsurgency doctrine that threatens civil liberties.
«Responding to these fallacies in an attempt to establish a clear basis of understanding, we specified then, and now we reiterate it, that concepts such as “transition”, “demobilization” and “surrender of weapons” do not exist in the agreement of Havana and much less in the language of the guerrilla» 
The announcement of the formation of the so-called “Strategic Transition Command” to which they assigned tasks that don’t have anything to do with the agreement, generated confusion and biased information that disfigured the purposes of the technical sub-commission. According to high institutions, what had to be done next – in the words of the President – was to supervise, “how are we going to make that transition, how will we oversee the demobilization of the enemy, how will we monitor and ensure the delivery of weapons”. For his part the minister of war, Juan Carlos Pinzón stated that General Flórez came to Havana to send a message of victory to his troops; to lay the foundation in order for the armed forces to “plan the surrender of weapons of the FARC”; and that “they won’t deceit the country”.
Responding to these fallacies in an attempt to establish a clear basis of understanding, we specified then, and now we reiterate it, that concepts such as “transition”, “demobilization” and “surrender of weapons” do not exist in the agreement of Havana and much less in the language of the guerrilla.
The General Agreement of Havana, in item 3 END OF CONFLICT, article 2, doesn’t state: “Abandonment of weapons by the FARC”. It reads, literally and unambiguously: Abandonment of Weapons. It is obvious that whatever its implications, it concerns the two contending parties. In our view, this issue, which will require a long truce and implementation of agreements, means weapons won’t be used to do politics. This applies to guerrilla and state. If there is peace, the FARC will no longer use weapons to do politics; and the state cannot continue using weapons to do politics, because the use of weapons by the state is, in effect, a political expression, since the Colombian armed conflict is political and social.
«Under the provisions of section 5 (Victims) of this Agreement, the phenomenon of paramilitarism will be clarified» 
Within this framework, we must remember the commitment for this moment of the discussion, stated by article 7 of the third item: “Under the provisions of section 5 (Victims) of this Agreement, the phenomenon of paramilitarism will be clarified.” In this regard, we insist that to fulfill this purpose, the guerrillas who are part of the group of clarification, will be aware that one thing is the actions and damage caused by the paramilitaries, and another thing is “the phenomenon of paramilitarism” as such, that refers to how it was created, how it worked, where it was established, with which money, who promoted and stimulated it and if it is still alive. And we must do that from now on, because it is a mandate of the parties, and because the success of the post-agreement depends on the total dismantling of paramilitarism. “Reintegration” and “normalization” with paramilitaries still being active is a contradiction. Taking this step is a need that cannot be evaded.
With these convictions, we are present today at the peace talks in Havana.
Technical sub-commission of the Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP 
Report from Havana: We must recognize the victims of economic policy 
«FARC-EP presents sub-points 6-10 of the second minimum proposal on victims»
◊ Victims are political subjects 
 
◊ Typology of victims will be formulated according to victimization aspects 
 
◊ National census of victims will be carried out 
Havana, Cuba – Today, October 26, Comandante Rubín Morro concluded the development of the 2nd minimum proposal on “recognition of the victims of the conflict” at the entrance of the Conference Center.
The spokesman explained the viewpoint of the insurgency on the so-called “victims of development”, ie, victims of the economic policy that produces inequality, hunger, misery and poverty. In particular, the mining and energy extraction and the production of biofuels have caused victims in Colombia.
Besides, he made clear that victims should be recognized as political subjects: there are people who were victimized because of having ideas and political projects that look for a regime change. Their status as victim lies in their membership of political, democratic or revolutionary opposition, among others, and they deserve special recognition as collective victims.
The guerrilla comandante emphasized: “In order to give greater recognition to the victims, it is necessary to characterize them by victimization aspects – according to international, national and guerrilla parameters and of course with a gender perspective – in addition to a national census of victims within 18 months following the signing of an eventual final agreement. Only then can we materialize their rights in a real and effective way”. This census would be carried out by “National Census Commission of the Victims of the Conflict”, with representatives from national victim organizations, academic experts and officials of DANE, the Colombian Department of Statistics.
The insurgency has so far presented 10 minimum proposals to ensure the Comprehensive Rights of Victims for Peace and National Reconciliation. Of these 10 proposals, they have developed the second and the third proposal. Currently at the peace talks in Havana the parties are discussing the fifth item of the Agenda: Victims.

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